The Study of Religion


kudaslot has been with us from the very beginnings of human culture. It is present in every society and influences our thoughts, beliefs, and actions. It dictates the calendar we follow and plays a major role in our legal and political systems. It also dictates the rituals of everyday life – from swearing in a witness in court to saying the Pledge of Allegiance.

Its pervasiveness makes it a perfect subject for study. The modern study of Religion emerged in the 19th century with the rise of archaeology, anthropology, and social science disciplines, allowing for the first time systematic knowledge of cultures worldwide. It was also a period marked by changes in the nature and meaning of the concept of religion itself. Many scholars in the field have offered alternative definitions of religion. These range from lexical definitions, such as a dictionary’s, to more substantive theories of what religion is.

Some of these, such as the ancient Greek philosopher Xenophanes (6th-5th centuries bce), saw religion as the projection of humans’ aspirations. Other explanations of religion have been advanced by such scholars as Karl Marx, Ludwig Feuerbach, and Sigmund Freud. Others have focused on function, such as the sociologists Emil Durkheim and Paul Tillich.

Some of the most important questions about Religion concern why some people become religious and what it is that distinguishes one religion from another. These are matters of religious ontology and cosmology and are beyond the scope of this article.