Law is the discipline and profession concerned with rules of conduct that govern a community. These rules are enforced through the courts or other controlling authority. The study of law has many facets, from the smallest detail to the largest social issue. It can be described as the “art of justice.” There are many different types of law, each with its own purpose and method.
Real property refers to land and things attached to it, while personal property refers to movable objects. It can also refer to rights in personam, or compensation for a loss. Land law is the most complex area of property law and deals with land ownership, values, and rents. It also includes covenants, easements, and corporate and commercial laws.
The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal dispute-resolution organ of the United Nations. It is composed of the representatives of each of the 193 UN Member States and is the primary body of international law. The ICJ has considered more than 170 cases and issued numerous judgments and advisory opinions. Most of these cases have been decided by the full Court, although a small number of cases have been referred to special chambers.
The United Nations’ Charter calls for the Organization to promote the progressive development of international law. The UN’s International Law Commission is composed of 34 members representing the principal legal systems in the world. The members of the commission are independent experts who represent their countries. Their work includes addressing issues related to international law and consulting with UN specialized agencies.