Religion is a system of beliefs, practices and ethics that people follow to guide their lives. It includes a belief in a supreme deity, an understanding of spiritual concepts, a code of moral behavior and a set of rituals to mark special occasions or events.
Its Functions in Society
A sociological perspective has long held that religion serves a number of functions for the community, irrespective of the particular religious beliefs or practices. One such function is to make people feel that their lives have meaning.
Another is to give people social control over their lives and help them learn how to be good members of their communities. Many societies have developed systems of social control in the form of laws, or rules, that are based on religious traditions.
In addition, religion can play a significant role in political decision-making. It is used to influence elections, and can be a key factor in the formation of governments.